Monday, August 24, 2020

The Greenhouse Effect Essay Thesis Example For Students

The Greenhouse Effect Essay Thesis Our reality is enduring, and it is experiencing something individuals callthe Greenhouse impact. The nursery impact is brought about by people overpollution of the earth. On the off chance that we don't stop this soon the earth will kick the bucket. We have caused this over numerous long stretches of over industrialization in thisgrowing world. We believe that greater is better, so we make vehicles greater andbetter, and we make practically everything else greater also. So we makelarger industrial facilities to manufacture these bigger things, and these bigger factoriesrelease bigger measures of contamination. Researcher have been foreseeing the result of this change for a considerable length of time now,but none of these researchers trust in something very similar. The ones that do thinkthat it will come at an alternate time. So individuals are as yet idealistic on whatis going to occur, and when it will happen. We will compose a custom exposition on The Greenhouse Effect Thesis explicitly for you for just $16.38 $13.9/page Request now Initially, to comprehend what the nursery impact is, we should firstunderstand what a Greenhouse is. A Greenhouse is a structure made either ofclear plastic sheets, or of glass. The suns beams experience the glass, andheat up the air inside the structure, and they make some hard memories getting out. These beams get caught inside the structure, and consistently heat the air inside,and even during that time the beams remain in and heat the air. The nursery isalso called a HOT HOUSE since it gets so hot. The nursery impact is brought about by gases, for example, carbon monoxide, carbondioxide, and nitrogen getting away into the air. These gases get caught inthe ozone layer and don't let the suns beams get away from without any problem. This causesthe earth to heat up. This warming can cause dry seasons, and this would reallyaffect the ranchers. This warming up will cause the plants and creatures would pass on. Classification: Social Issues

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Highway Transportation System

Aims:Name the 3 pieces of the fundamental street travel framework. Clarify how and by whom the primary street travel framework is managed. Portray 5 different ways that you can chop down risk while using the primary street travel framework. Portray the 3 impacts your feelings can hang on your drive. Portray 6 different ways to order the impacts your feelings may hang on your drive. Recognize and portray the expectation of regulative imprints. Depict the moves to make at regulative imprints. Distinguish the goal of caution marks. Portray how to respond to notice marks. Recognize the processs that are controlled by regulatory Torahs. Depict how to follow with authoritative Torahs.Procedure:Read Chapters 1, 3, 5, and 6.Take notes on the of import things you learned in these sections recorded supra.Take specific notes on included data you believe is lovely of import.cReview the four parts subsequently.Notes on New InformationAssessing and A ; Managing Risk ( Pg. 5 ) HTS implies primary street travel framework. Designers must be after the way of a primary street, the structure on Bridgess along the way, issue and gateway slants, where traffic marks are going to be found, and whatever else refering to the principle street. Around 4 million detail mis of roadways connect the regions, areas, metropoliss, and towns of the U.S. A few people all things considered carry on in an unreliable or flippant mode. They drive foolishly, transverse avenues without looking, and weave their bikes through overwhelming traffic. Knowing Yourself ( Pg. 39 ) Forceful drive episodes have expanded such a great amount of that there is even a term-street rage-to portray the power now and then connected with these occurrences. Let individual else push in the event that you have a lack of fixation. Abstain from Triping Aggressive Drive by seting your sentiments aside while you drive and just focus on the course, rather than what is going on today. Approaches to order your feelings are keep a capable demeanor, abstain from triping forceful drive, and spot irksome condition of affairss. You can other than be after in front, anticipate blunders from others, do n't drive when you ‘re discouraged, do n't yield to negative equivalent power per unit zone, and create yourself to ever use the right processs. You should hold away from of cardinal vision, fringe vision, and opposite field of vision so as to drive without disciplinary focal points. Since quite a while ago run physical variables can affect your driving capacity. As a more youthful in dividual, your response cut is probably going to be quicker and your feeling of sight quicker than that of a more established person. Signs, Signals, Markings ( Pg. 77 ) Administrative imprints direct or order the movement of traffic. These imprints mention to you and different drivers what you should make and what you should non make when you drive. Regulative imprints are reddish, white, dark, green on white, or white on dark. Most regulative imprints have square, opposite rectangular, or level rectangular structures. A rosy hover with a bronzed cut on any of these imprints implies NO! You can recognize regulative checks by their shading and structure. A yield mark implies you should decelerate down and offer way to traffic on the crossing point or the course onto which you are bringing together. Speed bound imprints show as far as possible, or quickest, speed permitted on a roadway. Driving quicker than the presented speed is unlawful. Course markers are numbered roadways that mismatch the landmass. White lines that are corresponding to the roadway mark the paths for traffic going similarly. White bolts on the roadway place paths from which you ca n drive successive in front or turn right or left. Rules, of the Road ( Pg. 97 ) Permitting a permit to run an auto is a guide of area specialists. Preliminaries might be verbal, composed, or electronic preliminaries to secure your permit. States can suspend or remove licenses for a predefined timeframe ordinarily for 30-90 yearss. States can other than repudiate licenses or take it off for a twelvemonth or more. On the off chance that your permit is repudiated you can use for another permit. Verify you ever have vehicle enlistment and protection in your vehicle or with you consistently. All satiates post speed limits on their roadways. These speed limits marks mirror the maximal speed at which you can drive under the best of conditions. For outline, you would n't drive at the maximal passable speed in the focal point of a snowstorm, however you may on a reasonable twenty-four hours. A fixed speed bound is the maximal and insignificant speed that a vehicle might be driven on an impossible to miss roadway. Drivers may ne'er legitimately go a speed lesser or more p rominent than this fixed velocity.Particular Notes:What you should make in the event that you are in a hit?Stop instantly.Warn others if possible.Give help to the injured.Try to get clinical aid.Name the constabulary.Exchange information.Get names and references of informants.Stay at the scene.Make mishap studies.See a physician.Educational Materials:Student Materials: scratch pad, 2-3.5 † Floppy Diskettes,Cadmium, pencil and A ; pen, reckoner, relegated content release, and some other teacher gave stuffs.Reappraisal: Chapters †1,3,5, and A ; 6Chapter 1: Assessing and Pull offing Risk-Whenever you walk or ride on our state ‘s lanes and roadways, you become part of the primary street travel framework. It is extremely of import to larn how to use the framework securely and responsibly.Lesson one: The Highway Transportation System and Risk ManagementLesson two: Understanding and Using the SIPDE ProcessLesson three: Understand and Using the Smith SystemLesson four: : Th e Value of Taking a Driver ‘s Education CourseChapter 3: Knowing Yourself-Whenever you get in the driver's seat of a vehicle, you should be sure that you are both truly and genuinely fit to drive. It ‘s of import to recognize and order physical and enthusiastic variables that may impede the drive undertaking.Lesson one: Emotions Affect Your Driving AbilityLesson two: How Vision Affects Your Ability to DriveLesson three: Impermanent Physical Conditionss That Affect Your Ability to DriveLesson four: Long-run Physical Factors That Affect Driving AbilityChapter 5: Signs, Signals, and Markings-Good drivers comprehend the capacity of imparting. The imprints, signs, and markers you see on the roadway are a basic office of imparting. It is other than extremely of import that you comprehend the messages that they convey. Exercise one: Understanding Regulatory and Warning Signs Exercise two: Guide and International Signs Exercise three: Understanding the Purpose of Pavement Markings Exercise four: : Reacting to Traffic Control Signals Part 6: Rules of the Road-Drivers have a place with the general public of roadway clients. In an easily running society, individuals consent to follow the guidelines. It is of import that you gain proficiency with the guidelines of the course so as to be a mindful individual from the roadway community.Lesson one: Each State Has Administrative LawsLesson two: Right-of-Way Rules are EssentialLesson three: Speed Limits Help in Reducing HazardLesson four: : If You Are Involved in a Collision

Tuesday, July 21, 2020

Rational Responses and Social Anxiety

Rational Responses and Social Anxiety Social Anxiety Disorder Print Identifying Rational Responses With Social Anxiety By Arlin Cuncic Arlin Cuncic, MA, is the author of Therapy in Focus: What to Expect from CBT for Social Anxiety Disorder and 7 Weeks to Reduce Anxiety. Learn about our editorial policy Arlin Cuncic Updated on February 07, 2020 Social Anxiety Disorder Overview Symptoms & Diagnosis Causes Treatment Living With In Children Avid Creative, Inc / Getty Images If you have social anxiety disorder, you may avoid social situations or have a fear of embarrassment that is out of proportion to the actual event. You may be worried about saying something silly or blushing from nervousness. You may find this to be incredibly disruptive to your life, harming relationships with friends and loved ones and even hurting your career. Avoiding all of these situations isnt practical for the long-term.   Know that youre not alone; social anxiety is one of the most common anxiety disorders for both men and women. Many people experience episodes of social anxiety in their teens, but do not seek treatment until well into their adulthood. Some people put off going to treatment because they think it wont help; they believe social anxiety is just an innate part of their personality. But while social anxiety can be difficult to overcome, therapy with a healthcare provider specializing in anxiety disorders can help you manage your condition and interact more naturally with others without such pressing fear.   Get Treatment With the 7 Best Online Anxiety Support Groups Managing Social Anxiety With Rational Responses Your doctor may recommend that you undergo a cognitive-behavioral intervention, including cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT). Some programs will integrate different approaches to anxiety, such as relaxation techniques and social and conversational skills training, they will move on to more intense forms of intervention including cognitive restructuring. Your therapist will work with you to review fear-inducing situations, such as giving a speech and identify the anxiety-driven thoughts that accompany it. For instance, if you have anxiety about public speaking, you may irrationally think that people will laugh at you if you stutter or one poor speech will ruin your career.   Once those irrational thoughts are identified, your therapist will help you replace those thoughts with rational responses. You and your counselor will construct your new responses after a process of going through your immediate thoughts, disputing  those thoughts using disputing questions  and summarizing the key concepts of the process of disputation. In the example of giving a speech, your immediate thought may be your anxiety-driven thoughts about being humiliated in public. Through your therapy, you will recognize that this reflexive thought is irrational by asking yourself questions like, If I saw someone else stutter, would I think they were incompetent? By thinking about your own reactions to others situations and realizing how little you give those mistakes any thought, you can help calm yourself and accept that your fear is not realistic. You can then replace that fear with a learned rational response like, Even if I stumble over my words, that doesnt mean that there is something wrong with me or that I cant do my job. Thinking more adaptively about these social situations and taking a step back to reflect on your reactions can be a huge step in helping you manage social anxiety and your symptoms. It is not something that can be cured overnight, but with a good therapist and ongoing therapy using rational responses, you can control the disorder. This will go a long way in helping you communicate with others, go through your daily routine and enjoy time with your loved ones.

Friday, May 22, 2020

Role Of The United States On The Age Of Globalization

INTRODUCTION This paper will examine the role of the United States in textile and apparel production in the age of globalization and will provide an overview of trade agreements enacted in the textile and apparel industry. A discussion of the different trade agreements and how the U.S. textile and apparel industry has been affected by those agreements will be given along with ideas about what the United States can do to continue to operate in the domestic market of textiles and apparel. HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES TEXTILE AND APPAREL INDUSTRY The American textile industry has been around for as long as the country has been in existence. In the beginning, most textile and apparel items were created by artisans, who worked mainly in their homes. In the 18th century, the country was hit with the industrial revolution which brought many changes to the textile industry. The local artisans were replaced by textile industries and manufactures. With the invention of the spinning jenny, spinning frame, water frame and power loom, the textile industry was revolutionized. Later, with the use of electrical power, these inventions were made more efficient. Fabric production was mechanized with machines powered by waterwheels and steam engines. Production was shifting from the small cottage based production into a mass production in various factories. (Kunz) Sewing machines were emerging in the 19th century which further streamlined clothing production. During the postShow MoreRelatedGlobalization And The International Politic al Economy1530 Words   |  7 PagesGlobalization the International Political Economy Globalization is a major factor in our international political economy. Globalization comes in many forms, some of which will be explained herein in more detail. According to Kegley and Blanton (2014), due to globalization, the number of questions about how changes in one country s economics and politics influence trends in the word politics and the global economy (p. 328), has resulted in an area of scholarly study being coined, to wit: internationalRead MoreThe Phenomenon of Globalization1498 Words   |  6 PagesA precise definition of the concept of globalization has not been formulated despite the efforts of many experts in a variety of disciplines. Nevertheless, there is little doubt that globalization has begun to take effect throughout the world and that as it develops it has begun to transform the worlds economy, its social structure, and political balance (Roundtree, 2006). How pervasive these changes may be remains to be seen but the fact that they are taking place cann ot be denied. As indicatedRead MoreThe Social Work Policies1506 Words   |  6 Pagessupport policies in the United States Income support policies in the United States view the monetary aspect of individual and family well-being. Income support policies are categorized into two that is direct cash transfers and indirect cash transfers. Income support programs are aimed at reducing poverty levels and boosting the economic growth of United States. Major historical developments took place in the late 1950s. In 1958, social security of the disabled aged 50 years of age and more was amendedRead MoreGlobalization Of The United States853 Words   |  4 PagesGlobalization Globalization is a result of each country around the world, depending on one another for certain products as well as needing them to buy specific exports. Without it, no country can flourish and with it, there will always be inequality. It is something that is vital to our country as well as those around the world. The risk of inequality is outweighed by the possible benefits of globalization. After World War II, the United States began rebuilding itself and the economy. Along withRead MoreGlobalization And Its Impact On Culture And Identity1380 Words   |  6 PagesThe United States prevails as an ever-evolving, unique amalgamation of people, cultures, and influences. Due to the growth of technology use in the world, globalization, the process of interaction and integration among people, is spreading rapidly (What Is Globalization?†). Historically, people have often identified in a collective way in order to associate with a group, culture, or individual (Miladinovic). However, nowadays, this form of identification cannot be used as people are changing theRead MoreGlobalization: An Ideology of Western Elitists? Essay examples1229 Words   |  5 PagesGlobalization, both as an ideology and process, has become the dominant political, economical and cultural force in the 21st century (Steger, 2002, 6). As a social and economic concept, globalization has its roots in neoliberalism which advocates: the primacy of economic growth, free trade to stimulate growth, a free market, individual choice, reduction of government regulation, and global social development based on a western model (Steger, 2002, 9). Although globalization is not a new concept,Read MoreThe United States : A World Leader And Its Responses Will Have Key Consequences1693 Words   |  7 PagesFrom the mid-20th to the early-21st century, the United States faced many conflicts, pressures, and changes that were brought about by events and issues which occurred outside of American borders. In response, there was no way for the nation to avoid becoming more globalized. Globalization came in the form of economic, social, and political pressure on the country. Some of these shifts in policy and world view were brought on by necessity such as the energy crisis of the 1970’s. Others were by choiceRead MoreGlobalization Is A Process Of Interaction And Integration Among The People, Co mpanies, And Countries1367 Words   |  6 PagesRebecca McCormick Globalization position paper Geography October 27, 2015 What is globalization? Globalization is a process of interaction and integration among the people, companies, and governments of different nations. It is a process driven by international trade and investment aided by information technology. This process has effects on the environment, culture, political systems, economic development and prosperity, and human physical well-being in societies around the world. For thousandsRead MoreThe First Glimpse Of Globalization1573 Words   |  7 PagesGlobalization is the process in which a world-wide circulation of goods, ideas, and people takes place. Historically, there were two periods of profound expansion, the 15th and 16th century and 20th and 21st century. In both cases, these eras of globalization were preceded by periods of enriched thinking, sharing, and scientific revolutions. The renaissance is a prime example of an era when ideas and knowledge flourished and spread throughout Europe. This newfound age of discovery resulted in glob alRead MoreGlobalization Is The Buzzword Of Today1362 Words   |  6 PagesGlobalization is the buzzword of today. The economies of the world are being increasingly integrated. Mobile phones and Internet have brought people closer. The world is becoming a smaller place. Goods, which were once confined to western countries, are available across the globe. Work can be outsourced to any part of the world that has an Internet connection. Because of improvements in traffic infrastructure one is able to reach one s destination in a relatively short span of time. Globalization

Thursday, May 7, 2020

pyramids and ziggurats Essays - 880 Words

There are many similarities (and differences) between Ancient Egyptian Pyramids, Mesopotamian ziggurats, and the pyramids of Pre-Columbian South America. All of them had major significance for their peoples cultures and religious beliefs, as well as having historic significance today. The greatest parallel between all of these ancient skyscrapers is that they were made for the upper echelons of these now defunct civilizations. nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;The Egyptians built the most of these cultures. Over 90 royal pyramids were produced between roughly 2500 BC – 1500 BC. A daunting task considering that most of these pyramids were built nowhere near the supplies needed to make them. Giant stones were used, over a million for each†¦show more content†¦nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;Paralleling the pyramids in Egypt were the ziggurats of Mesopotamia. Mesopotamia (meaning between two rivers, the Tigress and Euphrates) began making these structures around roughly 2000 BC. They were made of bricks that they produced on the building’s work site. There were sun-dried bricks to make up the solid inside of the ziggurat, and there were kiln fired bricks that made up the structures faà §ade. These bricks were much smaller than the stones used in Egypt and also did not have to be brought from far away. Some of the ziggurats were built on top of older ones. Like Egyptian pyramids, the ziggurat was belie ved to be a kind of gateway between heaven and earth, but unlike the pyramids, the ziggurats where not tombs for kings. Rather they were believed to be the earthly homes of gods. Egyptians built their massive structures outside of major populated areas. But the ziggurats were in prominent areas. Cities had their own patron god or goddess (some places even had two ziggurats, one for a god of both sexes) and priests were the only ones allowed into these temples. They had the honor of catering to the needs of the gods and were powerful figures in their respective communities. Mesopotamians also built the Tower of Babel, which was supposed to have been built as bridge from earth to heaven. It was most likely located in Neo-Babylonia (home of the Hanging Gardens) and was also one ofShow MoreRelatedEssay about Ur and Djoser709 Words   |  3 PagesZiggurat of Ur and Stepped Pyramid of Djoser: A Comparison Joseph Katz Art History 100-26 Dr. Karl F. Schuler 10/6/11 Title: Ziggurat of Ur Period: Neo-Sumerian Provenance: Ur, Iraq Date: 2150 BC The â€Å"Ziggurat of Ur† was built in 2150 BC by the Gutians. First, let’s discuss what exactly a ziggurat is. A ziggurat is a superstructure built on top and around a mountain. On the very top was a temple. Ziggurats were made out of only mud brick. One may ask, why use mud brick? Compared toRead MoreThe Two Pieces Of Paintings963 Words   |  4 Pagesto compare were the Ziggurat of Ur in Iraq and the Great Stupa in India. The first piece of Artwork was originally located in the city of Ur, it is called the Ziggurat of Ur. The Ziggurat of Ur was built by the Sumerians. The Sumerians were the first group of people in Mesopotamia, known as the cradle of civilization. They invented the first form of writing known as cuneiform, along with the wheel. Sumerians worshipped many Gods and Goddesses in temples or located in ziggurats (Gateways to Art,Read MoreAncient Architecture : Ancient And Medieval Architecture1015 Words   |  5 Pagesinfluenced by many factors like e nvironment, politics, and culture. However, the greater factor that influenced Ancient and Medieval Architecture is religion. Religion, Gods, and the heavens where the key factors in creating Mesopotamian Ziggurats, Egyptian Pyramids, Greek Temples, Christian Basilicas, Islamic Mosques, and Romanesque and Gothic churches. The Deir el-Bahri and the Mortuary temples of Queen Hatshepsut are influenced by nature, since the temples lay adjacent to the Nile River. TheRead MoreAccording to the modern researchers, the Mesopotamian and Egyptian civilizations likely seem very1200 Words   |  5 Pagesand Ancient Egypt have their impressive pyramid structures, but in Mesopotamia they are called ziggurats, and Sumerians is the people that built the ziggurats. For example, the Sumerians had built the first ziggurats in 3300-3000 BCE and it located at Ur, it contained the temple on top.The base shape of the ziggurats is rectangle and the its measures 140 by 200 feet . Additionally, the ziggurats are solid structures, it made of mud bricks. The ziggurats were used only for worship and not forRead MoreEgyptian Art vs. Sumerian Art Essay1165 Words   |  5 Pagesafterlife, or be condemned for all eternity, is completely up to the gods themselves. The pyramids of Giza are perhaps even more well known than the Egyptians hieroglyphics. These wondrous structures are thought to be based around the culture of the dead. A paragraph from Emmet Johns The Pyramid Age describes these structures as such; â€Å".. from the point of view of orthodox chronology, are the mastaba-tombs [pyramids] replaced. Similar to those used in Egypt.. they were a preferred type of funerary structureRead MoreHuman History and Egypt1422 Words   |  6 Pages The Ziggurat , was a massive terraced tower made of rubble and brick, and was a place of worship for the Mesopotamian city/state . It was a temple and shrine, and was possibly a burial site, because votive statues were left in many Ziggurat’s . These buildings also symbolized the sacred mountain that protected them and was also responsible for their survival. The temples were built high in the air because of this. Ziggurat at Read MoreThe Massive Mystery Essay1687 Words   |  7 PagesFor centuries people have given a diverse collection of theories as to how the ancient pyramids were constructed. The Great Pyramid of Giza is truly an incredible architectural accomplishment. This pyramid in particular is commonly referred to as the oldest of the Seven Wonders of the ancient world. Some believe that the Egyptians had developed technology that has simply been lost in time. Others think they had help from extraterrestrial beings. The reality of the construction relied on human laborRead MoreThe Egyptian Pyramids849 Words   |  4 Pagesengaged columns is means they are attached. The capitals are important because it is the earliest known stone columns in the history of architecture. 2. The Egyptian Pyramids were built as Pharaohs Burial Chambers. The pyramids were built out of solid blocks of quarried limestone of the Gizeh. The techniques of building the pyramid were hypothesize the work men had to cut into the rock and move large blocks roughly equal size using copper chisels and wooden mallets. They also cut deep into tunnelRead MoreEdifices to the Gods and Social Perception of A Nation530 Words   |  2 Pagesof the dynasty: Cheops, Khufu and Menkuare] focused on building projects aimed at edifying the political and religious power of the civilization (Wake 29). Indeed, one needs only consider the fact that while the pyramids of Egypt served as funereal complexes for their rulers the ziggurats of ancient Mesopotamia served as cultural museums and offices for their people. The period between 2112 B.C.E. and 2004 B.C.E. were the peak in Sumerian civilization’s development and were stereotyped by the constructionRead MoreComparing The Egyptians And The Mesopotamians Essay1449 Words   |  6 Pagesthe religion of both empires were polytheistic (Meaning â€Å"many gods†) (2). Because the gods controlled Egypt and Mesopotamia through land and power, people dedicated a large portion of their time to the gods. An example is that temples like Great pyramids and statues were made specifically for the gods. One thing that both civilizations had was a strong economy. The Mesopotamians economy was very alike to Egypt’s, with both empires contributing their taxes through forced labor and farming. They also

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Medieval baghdad Free Essays

Europe there was the Saxons, the Vikings and the franks, these were the three sides of conflict. Europe was filled with violence, illiterate people, superstition and no medical knowledge. They still believed that disease was caused by evil spirits or god(s). We will write a custom essay sample on Medieval baghdad or any similar topic only for you Order Now . The Islamic empire can reveal a respect for knowledge from all cultures; this made it significant. In their hospitals and pharmacies they would let anyone practice as a doctor. Also they would let anyone be a patient no matter what culture, country or religion. This reveals that the Islamic empire was religiously tolerant. It also is remarkable as the scholars were the first people to build hospitals with different wards for different illnesses. The scholars also collected knowledge from all countries and religions because it didn’t what race you are, if you have new knowledge it was valuable. They collected knowledge from India, china, Greece, Italy, all over the empire: in fact it would take someone a whole year to go from one side of the empire to the other. This shows that they were willing to give up at least a year of their time to collect knowledge. Medieval Baghdad should be remembered for the contribution it made to our lives today. The scholars discoveries in medicine are still relevant today as they were the first people to do complicated surgeries. This includes cesareans and eye surgeries. What was remarkable was the fact that they had a 60% success rate on the eye surgeries. Our knowledge of medicinal practices would not be advanced if it were not for them. The scholars gathered information like a new way of writing numbers. This meant that they could write all the numbers from O to infinity with only 10 humbly. The person who did this was called AAA-Swarming. In fact we would not have any computerized technology without the numbers O or 1. This resulted in change as they found a whole new way Of writing numbers which actually made calculations easier. The layout of the city of Baghdad which had double walls and only certain places that you could enter inspired the design of the castles in Europe. Our castle would not the same in any way, shape or form if it were not for the architects designing the city of Baghdad. Also they would not have defended s well if it were not for them either. The reason we do not remember Baghdad for what it used to be is because there is no record of the books they wrote or that they collected the knowledge. Baghdad lost power over its empire as the smaller caliphs decided that they did not want to know more about science, math or astronomy. People called the Mongols destroyed the library which had held all of the books and knowledge that they had spent so long collecting. How to cite Medieval baghdad, Papers

Sunday, April 26, 2020

Leonardo Da Vinci free essay sample

Leonardo was born on April 15, 1452, in the Tuscan hill town of Vinci, in the lower valley of the Arno River in the territory of Florence. Messer Piero Fruosino di Antonio da Vinci, a Florentine notary was his father, and Catherina, a peasant who may have been a slave from the Middle East was his mother. Leonardo had no surname in the modern sense, da Vinci simply meaning of Vinci: his full birth name was Leonardo di Ser Piero da Vinci, meaning Leonardo, son of Ser Piero from Vinci. Little is known about Leonardos early life. He spent his first five years in the hamlet of Anchiano, and then lived in the household of his father, grandparents and uncle, Francesco, in the small town of Vinci. His father had married a sixteen-year-old girl named Albiera, who loved Leonardo but died young. One, which he regarded as an omen, was when a kite dropped from the sky and hovered over his cradle, its tail feathers brushing his face. We will write a custom essay sample on Leonardo Da Vinci or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page The second occurred while exploring in the mountains. He discovered a cave and was both terrified that some great monster might lurk there, and driven by curiosity to find out what was inside. Educational Background: In 1466, at the age of fourteen, Leonardo was apprenticed to the most successful artists of his day, Andrea di Cione, known as Verrocchio. Verrocchio educated Leonardo humanities. Other famous painters such as Ghirlandaio, Perugino, Botticelli, and Lorenzo di Credi were apprenticed with the workshop. Leonardo was exposed to technical and artistic skills. He had the opportunity to learn drafting, chemistry, leather working, mechanics, carpentry, drawing, painting, sculpting and modeling. Much of the painted production of Verrocchios workshop was done by his employees. According to Vasari, Leonardo work with Verrocchio on his Baptism of Christ, painting the young angel holding Jesus’ robe in a manner that was so far superior to his masters that Verrocchio put down his brush and never painted again. Leonardo himself was the model for two works by Verrocchio, which were the bronze statue of David in the Bargello and the Archangel Michael in Tobias and the Angel. By 1472, at the age of twenty, Leonardo qualified as a master in the Guild of St Luke, the guild of artists and octors of medicine, but even after his father set him up in his own workshop, his attachment to Verrocchio was such that he continued to work with him. Leonardos earliest work was done in pen and ink on August 5th, 1473; Arno valley. Training: Practically nothing is known about Leonardo’s boyhood, but Vasari informs us that Ser Piero, impressed with the remarkable character of his sonâ₠¬â„¢s genius, took some of his drawings to Andrea Del Verrocchio, an intimate friend, and begged him earnestly to express an opinion on them. Verrocchio was so astonished at the power they revealed that he advised Ser Piero to send Leonardo to study under him. Leonardo thus entered the studio of Andrea Del Verrocchio about 1469-1470. In the workshop of that great Florentine sculptor, goldsmith, and artist he met other craftsmen, metal workers, and youthful painters, among whom was Botticelli, at that moment of his development a jovial _habitue_ of the Poetical Supper Club, who had not yet given any premonitions of becoming the poet, mystic, and visionary of later times. There also Leonardo came into contact with that unoriginal painter Lorenzo di Credi, his junior by seven years. He also, no doubt, met Perugino, whom Michelangelo called â€Å"that blockhead in art. † The genius and versatility of the Vincian painter was, however, in no way dulled by intercourse with lesser artists than himself; on the contrary he vied with each in turn, and readily outstripped his fellow pupils. Influences: Da Vinci studied under Verrocchio, where Botticelli was also a student. His main influences were Masaccio, Donatello, Fra Filippo Lippi, Piero Della Francesca and Uccello. Younger artist who were in Florence while Da Vinci was there included Michelangelo, whom he despised, and Raphael. Leonardo was the son of a very rich and influential man (Yes, he was illegitimate, but he had a very extensive education and was surrounded by important people all his life). Da Vinci would study from the great people who came before you. Da Vinci the scientist observed nature and systematically recorded his observations. He studied every detail of the human body by dissecting corpses. In his study of animals da Vinci focused on the mystery of flight. His copious notes covered a vast range of topics from the sun, moon, and stars, to fossils and flying. His works provided a base for scientists to work from for centuries. During the Renaissance, math and science went hand in hand, thanks to the Greeks. da Vinci, along with other artists of the day, used geometry to produce a new style of painting, a style that allowed the observe to see the scene as in real life. This developed into the concept of perspective, which used light and depth perception to depict a 3D scene on a 2D surface. Because he typified the idea of the Renaissance. The term Renaissance Man refers to one who was capable of excelling at a wide variety of activities. Leonardo was an accomplished scientist, architect, engineer, painter, designer, physiologist, etc. Truly he was not simply a man of the Renaissance; he was the prototype of the Renaissance Man. Personality issues Subject matter: idk Life story: 452: Leonardo is born close to the town of Vinci in the countryside near Florence 1466-1469: Leonardo moves to Florence and becomes an apprentice in the studio of Andrea del Verrocchio 1472: Leonardo paints one of the angels in Verrocchio’s painting ‘The baptism of Christ’. He also finishes his apprenticeship, becoming a master artist and a member of Florence’s Guild of Saint Luke 1481: Leonardo leaves Florence for Milan, where he finds work at the court of Duke Ludovico Sforza 1490: Leonardo works on the Sforza horse and draws the Vitruvian Man, among other things. Salai joins the studio as an apprentice. 1497: Work on ‘The last supper’ in under way. 1498: Ludovico Sforza gives Leonardo a vineyard in Milan, but there is not much time for him to enjoys it, as in the fall of 1499, French troops invade the city and Leonardo leaves 1500-1505: Leonardo works in Florence again, along with his great rival, the artist and sculptor Michelangelo 1503: Leonardo begins work on his most famous painting the ‘Mona Lisa’. In 1506-1513, he is back in Milan-the city is now ruled by French 1513: Leonardo moves to Rome, where he lives and works at the Vatican court(the pope’s headquarters). 516: Leonardo moves to France to work for the king, Francis I. Salai is one of his companions. In 1519, Leonardo dies, at the age of 67, in Amboise, France. Level of success: Today, there are records of only few Da Vinci paintings, and 20 notebooks. Thankfully, these works have been preserved over the hundreds of years since Leonardos time, and while his works are scattered in different areas of the globe, everyone can enjoy Da Vinci through the numerous books detailing his life, or through any of the many Da Vinci posters that have been printed. A well-known master in the history of art, Leonard Da Vinci is renown by people all over the map, and those of us who cannot travel to view the true works that the genius created can at least bring home a piece of him when we buy Da Vinci posters or prints. His most famous paintings are among the most influential works ever created. Legacy, Impact: Leonardos greatness lies in the diversity of his knowledge. His depth of understanding across a broad range of disciplines sets him aside from his contemporaries. Even by todays standards it would be difficult to find an individual who embraced Anatomy, Biology, Engineering, Architecture, and Science in addition to being one of the greatest painters of all time. The tragedy is that much of his scientific work was not published in his lifetime, and was only re-discovered many years after his death at a time when science had already embraced many of his ideas. There is little doubt that had his work been publicised in the Renaissance era it would have advanced the knowledge of the time. His left handed mirror-writing also caused problems. It created a code that needed breaking before his unpunctuated manuscripts could be understood. Also many of his scientific papers have been lost or damaged and are dispersed throughout the world. As an artist it is universally agreed that Leonardos marriage of art and science was significant for the advancement of painting techniques. He was famous for being a great painter long before his scientific work was acknowledged and appreciated. So the basis of his genius lies in his artistic achievements. The contradiction is that he designed weapons of war and, at the same time, marveled at the beauty of nature that these devices could ultimately destroy. Some historical characters stride like giants through the pages of history, think of Newton, Einstein, and Aristotle, Leonardo is certainly cast in the same mold. If art is about an emotional response then Leonardo da Vinci delivers at the highest level. I have been privileged to see a number of Leonardos paintings in the flesh; at the Louvre in Paris and also at the National Gallery in London. On 21st February 2009 I traveled to Manchester to view 10 of his drawings from the Royal Windsor collection. Needless to say these small works oozed quality. In a society were fame is fleeting and celebrity is often acquired very cheaply, it is refreshing that an artist, who died 500 years ago, can cause a queue to form, waiting in line to view his work. Famous works: Mona Lisa, the last supper, St. John the Baptist, and The Baptism of Christ are the most famous paintings of Leonardo Da Vinci. Especially Mona Lisa. Annunciation, Ginevra de’ Benci, Benois Madonna, Madonna of the Carnation, St. Jerome in the Wilderness, Adoration of the Magi, Virgin of the rocks, Lady with an Ermine, Madonna Litta, Portrait of a Musician, La belle ferronniere, the virgin and child with St. Anne and St. John the Baptist, Madonna of the yarn winder, The virgin and child with St. Anne, and Bacchus are less famous paintings of Da Vinci. Leonardo Da Vinci not only painted great paintings, but he have invented many of the transportation/vehicles and other things we use in today’s life. For flight, there are glider, helicopter, and parachute, for military; there are automobile car, machine gun, scaling gun, and tank. Viola organista and double hull are the most famous between people. Viola organista is an experimental musical instrument Da Vinci invented. It was the first bowed keyboard instrument ever to be devised and Double hull is a ship hull design and construction method where the bottom and sides of the ship have two layers of watertight hull surface. And the space between the two hulls is sometimes used for storage of fuel or ballast water. Old age Court records of 1476 show that Leonardo and three other young men were charged with sodomy, and acquitted. From that date until 1478 there is no record of his work or even of his whereabouts, although it is assumed that Leonardo had his own workshop in Florence between 1476 and 1481. From September 1513 to 1516, Leonardo spent much of his time living in the Belvedere in the Vatican in Rome, where Raphael and Michelangelo were both active at the time. In October 1515, Francois I of France recaptured Milan. On 19th December, Leonardo was present at the meeting of Francois I and Pope Leo X, which took place in Bologna. It was for Francois that Leonardo was commissioned to make a mechanical lion which could walk forward, then open its chest to reveal a cluster of lilies. In 1516, he entered Francois service, being given the use of the manor house Clos Luce near the kings residence at the royal Chateau Amboise. It was here that he spent the last three years of his life, accompanied by his friend and apprentice, Count Francesco Melzi, supported by a pension totaling 10,000 scudi. Leonardo died at Clos Luce, France, on May 2, 1519. Francois I had become a close friend. Vasari records that the King held Leonardos head in his arms as he died, although this story, beloved by the French and portrayed in romantic paintings by Ingres, Menageot and other French artists, may be legend rather than fact. Vasari also tells us that in his last days, Leonardo sent for a priest to make his confession and to receive the Holy Sacrament. In accordance to his will, sixty beggars followed his casket. He was buried in the Chapel of Saint-Hubert in the castle of Amboise. Melzi was the principal heir and executor, receiving as well as money, Leonardos paintings, tools, library and personal effects. Leonardo also remembered his other long-time pupil and companion, Salai and his servant Battista di Vilussis, who each received half of Leonardos vineyards, his brothers who received land, and his serving woman who received a black cloak of good stuff with a fur edge. Some twenty years after Leonardos death, Francois was reported by the goldsmith and sculptor Benevento Cellini as saying: There had never been another man born in the world who knew as much as Leonardo, not so much about painting, sculpture and architecture, as that he was a very great philosopher. A painter, a sculptor, an architect and an engineer, Leonardo Da Vincis numerous skills have earned him the title of renaissance master. Da Vincis fascination with science and his in-depth study of human anatomy aided him in mastering the realist art form. While Leonardos counterparts were known to create static figures in their works, Leonardo always tried to incorporate movement and expression into his own paintings. All the personages in his works are painted with great accuracy and detail that it is sometimes said that Da Vinci painted from the bones outward. Having lived until the age of 67, Leonardo experienced a very long career that was filled with times during which the painter was celebrated, but at times he was also humiliated and cast away. His life experiences all influenced his works and often, his paintings never left the sketchpad, or were only partially completed, as Leonardo often abandoned his commissions in order to flee from social situations. Leonardo was home schooled, his father taught him only simple things. Leonardo used math in some of his artwork. He used the Golden ratio in his paintings, Mona Lisa, The Last Supper, His Self Portrait and Madonna of the Rocks. He studied mathematics, geometry and polymath. Leonardo Da Vinci lived and took math lessons from Luca Pacioli. Luca Pacioli was making a book, and Leonardo Da Vinci was illustrating for him. Many other scientists ignored Leonardo Da Vinci because he did not know Latin or algebra. Leonardo studied, hydraulics, pyrotechnics, science, acoustics, optics, medicine, biology, anatomy, natural history, zoology, cartography, philosophy and botany. Leonardo Da Vinci was so fascinated by human anatomy, that he would sneak into hospitals at night, and dissect human bodies. He only studied anatomy for 20 years, and then moved on.